About New Zealand

There are eight universities in New Zealand with a total of 180,000 students currently studying in them. The following table shows the list of the universities in New Zealand and their ranking in New Zealand and in the world.

About New Zealand

Capital city: Wellington

Population: 3.7 million people

Foreign population: New Zealand is a multicultural country (about three-quarters of the population are European) with different people from different nationalities. Although in recent years a growing number of immigrants from Asia and South Africa migrated to this country, but immigrants from England (and several other European countries) still come to New Zealand. The Maori people are about 350,000 which is 10% of the population, and Polynesians (mostly from Fiji, Sama, and Tonga) make up 4% of the population.

Area: 268,680 square kilometers (103,707 square miles)

Geographic location

New Zealand is located in South Pacific Ocean and is about 2200 kilometres (1397 miles) east of Australia. The country consists of two main islands which are called “North” (or North Island) and “South” (or South Island). With respect to the geographical location, these two islands have a different type of vegetation. New Zealand is a mountainous island and about three-quarters of this land is more than 200 meters (650 feet) above sea level. In addition, more than half of New Zealand is filled with forest. Mount Cook has the highest peak in New Zealand which is located in the Southern Alps (3764 meters/ 12349 feet) in the South Island. The wet and humid rainforests separate the west coast from the east coast. New Zealand is one the most beautiful countries in the world and about 30 percent of its area are composed of protected areas. This country grabs a lot of attention because of its natural resources, such as volcanoes, geysers, glaciers, fiords (lakes), rivers and abundant vegetation. In particular, the South Island’s unspoiled mountain scenery and the ski industry is a fascinating place to see especially during winter.

Climate

Most part of the New Zealand has a temperate oceanic climate, except the remote northern areas which have a semi-tropical climate. This country has four distinct seasons which is opposite from the seasons in the northern hemisphere. During summer, New Zealand is quite hot and sometime in December or January heat wave sweep around the island.

During winter, it’s cold, and sometimes during the day on the east coast, the temperature can reach lower than zero degrees. Snow in the city of Christchurch (South Island) is very common during the winter. The northern part of the South Island usually has a more temperate climate and the sun is at its most (with a mean of 5.6 hours per day). The average rainfall in the North Island is 135 cm (53 inches) annually. In the west coast, rainfall is very high which usually cause flooding to occur, and in many other areas, the rainfall can be more than 500cm (200 inches) annually. The east coast side of both the North and South Islands are drier, for example during winter in Auckland; it rains about 12 days per month. In the main cities of New Zealand, strong winds are usually present, and Wellington is known to be the WINDY CITY. As you go further away from the mountainous area, the climate is more moderate and the average temperature in Christchurch during summer is 22° C (72 F) and 11° C during the winter (52 F). In Auckland, the average temperature is 23° C (73F) in summer and 14° C (57F) in winter.

Language

The official languages are English and Maori, and the official symbols and forms are present in both languages.

Government

Government is democracy with a unicameral Parliament and Political stability is excellent.

New Zealand has a parliamentary democracy which is based on the English system. The policy always ran by two parties, Labor (left) and National (conservative), although in recent years a new electoral system is being introduced which makes it difficult to obtain the majority vote for a single party. New Zealand is a member of the British Commonwealth.

Economy

Currency: New Zealand Dollar ($NZ)

Banks: New Zealand banking system is very modern and efficient which makes a large number of registered commercial banks in the country to be known at a national level. Most of the banks are all located in the city. Most of the New Zealand banks have an option for a saving account and they control the central monetary reserves. Due to the widespread use of non-cash transactions, it is recommended to open a bank account before coming to the country. You can do this by a telephone or a letter.

Miscellaneous Information

Ways of communication: Overall, New Zealand has a good communication system including multiple Ferries which runs between the North and South Islands. The public transport is very efficient and regular which includes bus services that travel for long distances. These buses can be an alternative way to go around the country, rather than going by plane. The use of aircraft for domestic travel is very popular, although the price of the ticket is not cheap. This country has many international flights and they are mainly to Auckland. New Zealand has limited rail network and there are no railways between the two islands. Due to the services being very slow and not on time, usually, tourists use the railways to explore the country rather than ordinary people using it for their everyday journey from their house to work. However, Wellington railway is reliable and fast.

New Zealand is among the countries with the highest rate of car ownership in the world, but the roads are relatively quiet and traffic is not a major problem. On the other hand, because of many dangerous driving, this country has one of the highest accident rates. Vehicles are more expensive than most western European countries, and drivers will be driving on the left side of the road. New Zealand relies heavily on ferry services which connect the North and South Islands.

Education: Education is compulsory for children aged 6 to 16 years old, although most of them begin school at the age of 5. The level of education is very high and New Zealand has one of the best educational systems in the world. Most children who attend public schools don’t pay any tuition fees, but they may need to donate a certain amount of money to school per year. There are some private schools in New Zealand as well.

By |2019-02-25T17:09:12+00:00فوریه 25th, 2019|New Zealand, Rad-iran English|بدون ديدگاه

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